Glossary

  • a word or phrase that can be inserted as an attribute in a document to tell viewers the nature or contents of an image; sometimes referred to as “alt text”

  • technologies (software or hardware) that increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities when interacting with computers or computer-based systems

  • a narration track intended for blind and visually impaired viewers of visual media; can usually be turned on and off in a video’s menu; also referred to as described video and/or visual description
  • transcription or translation of the dialogue, sound effects, relevant musical cues, and other relevant audio information when sound is unavailable or not clearly audible; closed refers to the captions not being visible until they are turned on by a viewer
  • available in Microsoft Excel and other spreadsheet programs; describes the content of a cell through a preset style; available in Excel – normal, bad, good, neutral, calculation, check cell, explanatory, input, linked cell, note, output, warning text…
  • a visual indication that a given word or item on a Web page is clickable; cues that can be used to indicate the clickability of an item include color, underlining, bullets, and arrows
  • in reference to design, the difference in foreground and background colors; WGAG 2.0 level AA requires a contrast ration of 4.5:1 for normal text and 3:1 for large text
  • a display of data or information in tabular form with rows and/or columns
  • allows users to execute all software / hardware functions using only a standard keyboard
  • an image used as a link or a button; it has a functional purpose in addition to being a decorative or visual image
  • templated settings that allow users to apply font attributes to text in a consistent manner; heading styles should always be used in a hierarchical context (ex. Title, Heading 1 – H1, Heading 2 – H2, Heading 3 – H3, etc…)
  • color-based representations of areas of interest/focus points; generally associated with eye-tracking software
  • a list of coordinates relating to a specific image created in order to hyperlink areas of the image to different destinations; image maps provide an easy way of linking various parts of an image without dividing the image into separate image files
  • a table created for the purpose of organizing information aesthetically; usually does not contain data organized according to rows and columns
  • a fairly long description to properly describe the content of an image that can’t be summarized in a short alternative text tag
  • computer information that can be represented through audio, video, and animation in addition to traditional media (i.e., text, graphics drawings, images)
  • refers to the process of navigating a network of information resources on the Internet
  • a table placed inside of another, where the larger table functions as a container for the smaller one; nested tables are a way for you to organize objects, such as images or text, in evenly spaced rows and columns
  • captions in multimedia (video) that are visible whenever the program is shown without the user having to turn them on
  • a numbered list of items
  • preformatted styles available in many WYSIWYG editors and Office editors that include both character and paragraph formatting attributes, and can be applied to a paragraph or range of paragraphs
  • a software application which, rather than presenting web content visually, converts text into 'synthesized speech' allowing user to alternatively listen to content
  • organization that provides meaning
  • captions displayed at the bottom of a movie or television screen that translate or transcribe the dialogue or narrative
  • a written or printed version of material originally presented in another medium
  • list that is not organized sequentially; also called a bulleted list
  • where the user's focus is on a Web page; generally represented by a dashed box that appears around items on the page and associated with tabbing
  • Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 is focused on providing an international technical standard for web content. It has 12 guidelines that are organized under four principles: perceivable, operable, understandable, and robust. The guidelines each have a testable success criteria, which are at three levels: A, AA, and AAA.
  • a module on a website, in an application, or in the interface of a device that allows users to access information or perform a function
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